COTTON BALLS THAT BARK
Dog breeding is a fascinating arena offering several varieties of dogs. As the trends in the world have changed, so have the desirable breeds. With the current trends being products and devices that are smaller and smaller, it appears that breeders have catered to this craze with vigorous enthusiasm. One can see that the explosion of “toy”, “mini”, and “teacup” breeds of dogs has become an epidemic. Unfortunately, some of those that claim to have such dogs, in fact, do not. Where a tiny bundle of fur is a joy to have, we want to help the potential owner to understand the truth from the fallacies circulating about. Teacup Pomeranians have become one of the most desired small breeds available. Who does not want to have a little ball of fur that can be carried in the palm of the hand? However, before one goes buying from someone claiming to have a toy or teacup Pomeranian one needs to know the truth about teacup Pomeranians.
WHAT IS A POMERANIAN?
As with most desirable breeds, the Pomeranian is derived in part from a royal pedigree. To clarify this point, one can see that the dog started to be desired in the 1800s by Queen Victoria. However, this is not the origin of this particular breed. If one were to fully research out the Pomeranian, one would find that the dog is actually a direct descendent from Iceland Sled dogs. Looking at the dog one would hardly be able to tell. Yet, the German Spitz is the ancestral parents of the “seacoast” (as its name is translated) dog. Unlike the German Spitz which can weigh up to 41 pounds, the common Pomeranian weighs at most 7 pounds. Again, this can be contributed to Royalty. As stated, Queen Victoria took note of the Pomeranian breed, especially to the small size. Of course with the infatuation by royalty comes the following of the people. According to records, the breed saw a dramatic reduction in physical size by 1888. Some records show a decrease of 50 percent or more. Thus, one sees a small size that modern Pomeranians carry today.
Any breed of dog has certain traits which identify it as being of a certain lineage. They are the thumbprints so to speak of each line. Where the ideal breeder will have authentic papers showing the bloodline of the dog (such as those which are AKC registered), many persons claiming to breed pure lines do not. Where one is advised against acquiring a dog from such breeders, there are certain traits of the Pomeranian that should be prominent.
Teacup Pomeranians for sale
Weight: If the dog is over 7 pounds then the odds are that this dog is mixed with another larger breed. The average weight should be between 3 and 7 pounds with 7 pounds being considered a large dog.
Height: When measuring the breed, the dog should not be more than 11 inches in height and not less than 7 inches. A dog that varies from these typical measurements may be bred with either a larger or smaller dog.
Overall shape: One of the main characteristics of a Pomeranian is the foxlike qualities that the dog possesses. By this one needs to look for the pointed ears, the sharp line of the snout, and the straight line of the body. The nose is not to be fattened like that of a pug or a beagle but thin and pronounced. Nor is the nose to be elongated and thin like that of other breeds. When looking at the tail of the Pomeranian, the tail should curve up to form a nice arch. A tail that does not form a dominant arc is a definitive sign that one is not getting a Pomeranian but a mix breed dog.
Coat: Pomeranians are known for their Pom and puffy coats. The coat is so distinctive that this is how the breed has gotten its nickname the POM or the POM POM. The fur is to be thin and silky to the touch yet also full and rounded. Unlike the shiatsu who’s fur cascades down, the Pomeranians fur should remain (for lack of a better word) fluffed.
Characteristics: For many people, the characteristics of the Pomeranian are the make it or break it in deciding whether or not to own this breed of dog. Being that the breed has a very possessive nature, some may need to consider whether or not a Pomeranian is for them. Also, because of their possessive and protective nature, if other pets are within the home there is a great possibility that there will be trouble between them. Where most people have problems concerning the characteristics of this dog is concerning other family members and friends. It is not uncommon for a Pomeranian to attach itself to one family member and act aggressively to other members of the household. Furthermore, individuals who are not seen as being the property of the dog could suffer from aggressive behavior as well. Where this is true for most breeds, the Pomeranian accentuates the character.
THE BREED THAT DOES NOT EXIST
Teacup Pomeranians in truth do not exist. Now, one may be saying “Sure they do I see them all the time. I know that this person or that person has one of these little balls of fur. How then can you say that the breed does not exist?”. Yes, there are those that give the title “teacup” to a dog resembling a Pomeranian, but it is not a pure teacup breed. There is no official breed of dog called “Teacup Pomeranian”. Where it is true that the Pomeranian is a smaller breed then the German Spitz, it is nearly impossible for a pure Pomeranian to produce a dog that weighs 1-3 pounds which is the going size for a “toy” or “teacup” breeds. Keep in mind that the Pomeranian is already a dog that has been greatly reduced in size from its accessorial fathers and mothers. Logically speaking, a 1 pound to 3 pound dog cannot carry a litter of 3 or more puppies safely and survive. On a rare (and I mean lottery odds rare) occasion a teacup Pomeranian may carry one puppy, the odds of the teacup Pomeranian or the puppy surviving are even slimmer odds.
Because it is near impossible for any breeder to have a pureblood teacup Pomeranian, one needs to be on the lookout for those that wish to take advantage of the unknowledgeable person seeking such a dog. Often times one will see advertisements in the paper or perhaps one will come across a “breeder” at a flea market or small pet store who claims to have teacup Pomeranians. The potential buyer needs to understand that if it is a teacup breed that it is not a pure Pomeranian, but the breed does need to be dominant of that breed. When looking to own a teacup Pomeranian there are some things to consider:
Lineage: Show the breeder that you are educated by asking for papers of both the mother and the father. Many times the breeder will produce only the Pomeranian side of the lineage in an attempt to make the potential owner think that the bloodline is pure. If the dog can fit into your hand it has been mixed with a smaller breed of dog. By requesting papers on both sides one can safeguard oneself from getting an undesired mix. One of the most common mixes is Chihuahua and Pomeranian due to the sizes of the offspring they can produce.
Big litters: If there are several puppies that are being offered a red flag needs to come up. Pomeranians usually have litters of no more than 3 puppies if they are purebred. This is due to their already small size. Litters that are composed of 6 or more puppies should be considered false. One should also look to see if the smaller litters have a runt. Being that the size only ranges from 1 to 3 pounds for a toy or teacup breed, a small dog in the bunch could indicate an unhealthy cross-breeding between the Pomeranian and whatever smaller breed that was bred with it.
Do the dogs have the traits of the Pomeranian: There is a saying that goes, if it walks like a duck, looks like a duck, and quacks like a duck then more than likely it is a duck. The same view can be applied when looking at teacup Pomeranians. Whereby this point we know that there cannot be a pure teacup Pomeranian, one needs to determine if the Pomeranian traits are dominant in the dog. If more traits are to the negative than one may want to consider looking somewhere else.
Breeder Credibility: Before getting any breed of dog, the potential owner is strongly encouraged to visit the location from where the dog originated. Many people that jump on the breeding wagon end up either not knowing what they are doing and producing deficient breeds of dogs or end up running what are known as puppy mills. Just because a breeder has a sign stating they are So and So pets or So and So professional breeders do not make it so. Check around to see if the breeder has any history in the area. If not than one may want to consider someone that does.
The truth about teacup Pomeranians is that they are a nice mixed mutt. Part Pomeranian and part a smaller breed. Does this mean that the desire for this breed will end just because the Pomeranian bloodline has been tainted by another breed? I would lean to say that this breed will be around for quite a while. It is our hope that if you are seeking out one of these tiny balls of barking fur that you will do so with a more educated and critical eye so as not to end up broken hurt, swindled, or just misguided into owning a dog that you do not really want. Keep yourself informed so that you and your handheld pet will have a long and happy life together.